Romania to attract digital nomads: How will it work? – International Tax Review

Romania to attract digital nomads: How will it work? – International Tax Review

The Senate has established rules surrounding digital nomads

Digital nomads or ‘employees from anywhere’,
for whom since 2020, countries such as Estonia, Portugal and Croatia have
relaxed immigration requirements, encouraging employees to work locally and
offering employees work visas to tax exemptions, are now required by Romania as

The Senate has recently approved a draft law
that would give employees the opportunity to obtain a temporary residence visa,
under certain conditions, some more bureaucratic and complicated to fulfil. The
project is good news and a step forward, as the current legal regulations do
not contain provisions regarding a possible residence of an ‘employee from
anywhere’, for obtaining a work visa; the existence of a Romanian employer or a
beneficiary of services is required.

What are the pros and cons of the
legislative proposal and what changes should the Chamber of Deputies, the
decision-making body in this case, take into account?

The Senate has established that the digital
nomad is a foreigner employed with an employment contract with a company
registered outside Romania, which provides services through the use of
information and communication technology.

A digital nomad is also a foreigner who
owns a company registered outside Romania, within which he provides services
through the use of information and communications technology and who can work
as an employee or carry out the activity within the company, remotely, by using
information and communications technology.

Thus, these nomads can obtain a long-stay
visa, if they want to travel and stay in Romania, while continuing to obtain
income from performing remote activities.

Documents required

In order to obtain a visa, applicants must
meet several cumulative conditions including having the means of support
obtained from the activity they carry out, amounting to at least three times
the gross average monthly salary in Romania for each of the last six months
prior to the visa application filing date, as well as for the entire period
registered in the visa, and to carry out activities from which they obtain
income, remotely, by using information and communication technology.

The draft project of the Senate does not
specify, however, how the nomad will prove to be using information technology.

Now comes the tricky part. Because every
digital nomad needs a whole list of documents, in order to obtain a visa: an
employment contract concluded with a company registered outside Romania,
through which to prove the supply of remote services, a document issued by the
employing company or the one they hold, through which to present all the
identification and contact data, as well as the field of activity, information
on the legal representatives of the company.

The nomad also needs a letter of intent, which
must include the purpose of the trip to Romania and the activities they intend
to carry out here. The series of necessary documents does not stop here.

A certificate is also required that states that,
at the date of the visa application, they or, as the case may be, the company
they hold, has paid taxes, fees and other up to date compulsory contributions,
and that they are not registered with documents and deeds that have or have had
the effect of tax …….


Digital nomads